What Is A Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation CVL

What is a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation? Written by: John A Waller Director Updated: January 9th,2023.

What is voluntary liquidation of a limited company

Liquidation occurs when a company is insolvent, remaining unable to pay its debts as and when due.

A Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) is an insolvency process that formally allows directors of failing companies to close an insolvent limited company. Allowing the realisation of the companies to distribute to the creditors in order of priority

A CVL is usually the result of a company failing to pay it’s debts in full.

When considering a CVL, Directors must consider the implications of such action. Once actioned, the company will be closed foreve resulting in director redubdancu along with employees.r. A Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation applies to the liquidation of an insolvent limited company.

A CVL compared to a Compulsory Liquidation, allows directors’ to nominate their own Liquidator. Once appointed the appointed Liquidator  deals with realising all company assets thertrefore enabling a distributions to xompany creditors.

Often we are asked what happens when a company goes bust.

We explain below what happens when a company liquidates voluntarily and is insolvent.

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How does a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation affect shareholders?

Apart from agreeing to place the company into CVL, shareholders have little involvement once the liquidator is appointed.

Licensed qualified professional advice should be sought (including solicitors, your accountant, and insolvency practitioners) before considering any steps to wind up their company. The team at HBG Advisory specialises in assisting distressed companies with corporate insolvency, ensuring directors remain within the legal framework, and liquidating procedural aspects relating to voluntary liquidation UK.

Who instigates a CVL?

The directors voluntarily instigate a CVL. However, a licensed insolvency practitioner must carry out the liquidation process legally. Once the directors know the business is insolvent, they can voluntarily decide to shut down the company using a CVL procedure.

When is it essential for directors to consider a CVL?

What happens to directors in a creditors voluntary liquidation?

If you were the director of a company that went into compulsory liquidation or creditors’ voluntary liquidation, you will not be allowed to form, manage or promote any business with the same or similar name to your liquidated company for 5 years. This includes the company’s registered name, as well as any trading names it may have. as per section 216 of the insolvency act 1986.

Once the licensed insolvency practitioner is appointed liquidator in a CVL, the company’s director will be investigated to determine whether they were responsible for the downfall of the company, or if any wrongdoing occurred during their time as director.

By law, these investigations are compulsory, and the director has a set of responsibilities to adhere to. However, when consulting with an insolvency practitioner, ignore calls of don’t worry, I will not carry out an investigation.

As the liquidation proceeds, directors are relieved of their duties, including access to the company’s bank accounts.

What happens during a CVL?

If the company decides to liquidate, the liquidator, via an independent RIC agent, sells the company assets and distributes the money to outstanding creditors once payment of the liquidation takes place.

Any remaining company debts are written off unless secured with a personal guarantee (PG). Any payment guarantee will crystallise at the point of liquidation, with the responsibility for repayment falling to the individual who provided the guarantee.

Once the company liquidates, it is then dissolved and ceases to be a legal entity. The insolvency practitioner handling the CVL process has many different

CVL Meaning

A CVL (or voluntary liquidation of the company) commences when the directors of a failing company, with the shareholders’ agreement, voluntarily decide to liquidate the company to repay their debts. So therefore distinct from compulsory liquidation & winding up petition, where the creditors decide to liquidate the company, not the directors.

A CVL enables company directors to close a business formally when in a distressed financial position.

The CVL procedure is a way to close an ‘insolvent company’ through voluntary means. A legal insolvency procedure involves directors of an insolvent company who have freely chosen to guide their company to an end by winding it up.

The records show that CVL remains the most common liquidation directors use in England and Wales while legally closing the business.

CVL allows company directors to deal with aggressive creditor action while avoiding compulsory liquidation. For further reading, please view what is compulsory liquidation.

Directors of the company can appoint their preferred liquidator.

We have accrued tax losses – will we lose them in a CVL?


What’s the role of a Liquidator in a CVL?

The appointment of a liquidator stipulates that to hold that office, that individual must be a licensed insolvency practitioner in the UK.

Once appointed, the liquidator must act in good faith and maximise the return for the company’s creditors.

The liquidator’s primary function remains to realise the company’s assets and then distribute the proceeds to creditors.

A licensed insolvency practitioner has broad powers to investigate the former directors about their conduct while in office and, if needed, file wrongful trading charges.

What does liquidation mean?

The term liquidation means closing a business and realising and then distributing its assets to the company’s creditors. Liquidation occurs when a company is insolvent, remaining unable to pay its debts as and when due. When a company ceases operations, the realisation of the company assets takes place to pay creditors and shareholders in order of priority.

Liquidation may also exist for a solvent company that can pay all its debt using a member’s voluntary liquidation (MVL).

How May HBG Advisory Help with a CVL?

HBG Advisory retains licensed insolvency practitioners regulated by the Insolvency Practitioners Association available to prevent further damage to the company while protecting its creditors.

However, you must check if your company remains subject to any retention of title UK and insolvency clauses. Then evaluate your company’s financial position.

Once you have established your company’s position, if insolvent, directors MUST not delay in acting, as this may impact directors’ liabilities if ignored.

An example of the most common mistake is directors paying staff their final wages out of pocket. So, if the company does not have enough capital, the company? Then the Government pays unpaid wages and redundancy payments.

HBG Advisory will advise and assist any employees that require assistance with this process.

Who initiates a CVL?

  • A CVL, or company voluntary arrangement, can only be started by one or more of the company’s directors.
  • A licensed insolvency practitioner conducts the liquidation initiated by a voluntary decision by the directors of the companies, as opposed to a compulsory liquidation conducted without the company’s consent.

How do I liquidate my limited company?

Directors of a limited company commence a CVL. Company directors have directors’ duties and responsibilities to inform the company’s shareholders that the company remains no longer viable, as it remains insolvent, so they must stop trading.

Shareholders then appoint a licensed insolvency practitioner to call a creditors meeting as soon as possible (usually 21 days’ notice is required, but it’s usually 14 days). At this meeting, the creditors: –

  1. Vote to liquidate the company.
  2. And approve the liquidator.

Meetings, however, usually remain held virtually unless: –

  • 10% of creditors in value or
  • 10% of the creditors by number or
  • Ten different creditors request a meeting physically.

Then we can meet up. But, the Coronavirus pandemic impacts physically meeting.

Voluntary liquidation can help you end the worry. The process stops creditor pressure immediately, allowing directors to relax and move on with their life.

Agreeing to a Liquidation

Before agreeing to a liquidation, better options may be available. So, before considering closing down your company, don’t hesitate to contact HBG Advisory to expand your available opportunity further. Ask for a Pre-Liquidation & Review Planning meeting.

For a robust professional assessment of your company’s position, please call 0800 612 5448.

A licensed insolvency practitioner acts as the company’s liquidator to assist directors in all matters required to commence the liquidation. To view our team of insolvency practitioners, please consider ‘The Team at HBG Advisory‘.

For further help and assistance, please read What is Limited Liability.

Liquidation of an Insolvent Limited Company

Can I close a limited company with debt and start again?

Directors of the company can voluntarily act as Insolvent Limited Company.

You can choose to liquidate your limited company.

The company will stop doing business and employ people. The company will no longer exist once removed from Companies House (“struck off“).

When liquidating a company, its assets remain used to repay its debts. Any remaining money goes to shareholders. You will need a validation order to access your bank account.

It will go to the state without distributing among the shareholders before the company’s removal at the register at companyies house.

Can a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation be reversed?

It is impossible to reverse a CVL once a company endures removal from the company’s register at the company’s house. However, the former directors of a liquidated company can purchase the assets of the newly-defunct business – whether stock, premises or its former trading name.

Can Company Directors be held personally liable?

Yes, they can if they witness: –

  • wrongful trading,
  • misfeasance or
  • fraudulent activity as part of the liquidator’s duties.

However, usually, no such activity by directors is evident, so the directors remain not liable for dents of the company, as they remain a separate legal entity.

Can I start a new limited company after liquidation?

You can simultaneously be a director of as many companies as possible, provided you are not subject to a director’s ban. However, do not use the same or similar name of the former company. If you were a director of the former liquidated company, you would fall foul of the Insolvency Act 1986 s216 and 217.

Will unsecured creditors be paid after a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation?

In a liquidation, payment to secured and preferential creditors takes place before unsecured creditors. Unsecured creditors remain treated the same. If there’s enough money after we pay secured and preferential creditors, the remaining funds remain distributed to the unsecured creditors after we pay our costs. If you’re an unsecured creditor, you can write the unpaid debt in your accounts, and claim relief from VAT on Bad Debts notice from HMRC 6 months later.

What about Fixed and Floating charge holders?

Fixed and floating charge holders may have a say in appointing a liquidator. If the charge holder also has a debenture registered at companies house? Then they may select an administrator to place the company into a company administration.

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Contemplating Liquidation

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How long does it take to place a company into a creditors’ voluntary liquidation?

It typically takes twenty-one days to liquidate small limited companies with a few creditors.

Creditors’ rights and duties during a CVL

Creditors cannot force a limited company into a CVL, but they have rights during this process. However, creditors can view a list of creditors and a summary of the Statement of Affairs before making any decisions. They stay involved in appointing the named liquidator and are entitled to form a committee to control liquidation costs. Employees and HMRC have a preferential status for some of their debt. Regarding the balance, creditors paid on an equal distribution if unsecured, which remains dependent on whether the value of the company’s assets has sufficient equity to enable distribution.

Voluntary Liquidation Creditors

Many people refer to this form of insolvency as voluntary liquidation of creditors. However, both remain the same.

Process of insolvency as a CVL.

The board first requires the shareholders’ approval to activate a voluntary liquidation.

What is voluntary liquidation of a limited company?

Voluntary liquidation of a limited company is another term for directors wishing to close their company voluntarily. So the process is the same as the voluntary liquidation of creditors. Used when shareholders decide to liquidate their company, though it has sufficient assets once realised to pay creditors,

What Is A Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation – Termination of the Limited Company

A creditors’ voluntary liquidation terminates a limited company forever, the actual legal entity. Therefore, the Board of Directors must agree that they no longer require the company for trading purposes, that directors are authorised to sell assets, and that all creditors will settle in full. The action remains voluntary and not compulsory by creditors using the courts to act.

When the debtor accepts the company’s position, it may no longer trade due to negative cash flow. They, therefore, request help to sort the problem out without intervention from a creditor. They, however, act voluntarily.

The idea of voluntary liquidation is to finish a company’s operations, deal with its financial affairs, and then break up its corporate structure while paying creditors.

So, the courts do not order voluntary liquidation, but it requires the companies’ approval and the board of directors.

Let us assume it was carried out correctly and at the earliest warning signs. Directors are not required to pay the fees to liquidate the limited company.

HBG Advisory always strives to ensure a company liquidation self-funding.

A common misconception remains that a director must pay the liquidation personally if the court liquidates a company or voluntarily liquidates.

If acted upon early, liquidators may fund the insolvency procedure by realising company assets.

Difference between members and a creditors voluntary liquidation

A Members Voluntary Liquidations MVL applies to the closure of a solvent limited.

A Creditors Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) applies to insolvent companies, i.e., unable to pay their debts as and when due or liabilities exceed their assets.

What is a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation (CVL)? – Definition.

Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation: – is a formal company closure insolvency process. Company directors then instruct a licensed insolvency practitioner to ensure their insolvent limited company is officially closed.

So before agreeing to arrange a Liquidation, explore the financial position of the company and the finance options available. Perhaps a Company Voluntary Arrangement CVA can help the company trade? If not, an administrator can allow the sale of the business, enabling better returns for creditors and saved jobs. Even considering a pre-pack administration, the directors consider buying the company’s assets while saving jobs.

It is important to remember that a CVL can have a significant financial impact on shareholders and creditors if the business is closed down and all assets liquidated. Creditors can avoid this if they have some form of security. Furthermore, directors following the law will not be personally responsible for any company debt. (Providing no personal sureties given). So directors must not take the risk of wrongful trading lightly.

Company directors have no capacity in UK law to carry out closure themselves when insolvent. Liquidation advice should be, however, from a licensed Insolvency Practitioner.

Can suppliers take back unpaid goods?

Can you have a retention of title claim in a liquidation?

These clauses will generally be effective if a buyer enters administration or liquidation and holds goods supplied under a retention clause.

For further detailed reading, please view retention of title UK and Insolvency clauses.

How are insolvency practitioners appointed liquidators in a CVL?

The liquidator must be a licensed insolvency practitioner. Once company directors know of serious financial difficulties, they typically meet with an insolvency practitioner. They must pay attention to any sign of the company’s insolvency, as it may expose directors to trading claims while knowing the company remained insolvent. Directors’ duties and responsibilities remain essential for them to carry out.

Directors have two critical areas of concern as an officer of a limited company.

  • When the company is solvent, they have a duty to shareholders to avoid insolvency.
  • When insolvent, they must protect the interests of creditors over shareholders.

A licensed insolvency practitioner will inform a company of all the various forms of insolvency processes that the company can take, which is best for the company’s creditors, primarily the business and directors. Furthermore, options exist better suited, like appointing an administrator.

Suppose directors place their company into liquidation. Then they can appoint a trusted insolvency practitioner who has the strength to put it into liquidation. Therefore, wishing to have someone manage the process they can work with and appreciate the challenges you faced and whom you believe will consider their situation. Thus, the same insolvency practitioner advises the company’s directors to be appointed liquidators and responsible for realising company assets and collecting all money due to the company. Once completed, they may commence distribution to agreed creditors.

Extraordinary Resolution in CVL

A CVL happens when the company can’t continue the business because of its liabilities and requires a liquidator to wind it up.

Company law in the UK requires a special or ‘extraordinary’ resolution passed by 75% of the company’s shareholders (by the value of shares).

Considering a CVL

If you have a business (Limited Company) insolvent, you must ensure you protect the interests of your company’s creditors by seeking insolvency advice. Further, as a director, you must review your company’s position and consider ways other than liquidation to ensure its viability and its creditor’s position.

A CVL may be considered the wrong action for creditors and the company. Therefore, advice from a licensed insolvency practitioner remains essential. Please remember that a pre-solvency liquidation meeting is crucial for you as a director.

Reviewing your business often highlights other opportunities to avoid the CVL approach:

Please do not assume all is lost; only consider a voluntary creditors’ liquidation under pressure. Consider the position in which your business is and how it will move forward. Only then, if you believe you have an insolvent company and are no longer viable, should you commence your company’s liquidation. HBG Advisory will explore avenues available to your business. Therefore, please arrange initial FREE insolvency advice. Other options remain open. – identify opportunities other than a liquidation of the company – and agree on a plan for the way forward.

If you would like a CONFIDENTIAL FREE meeting to explore your company’s issues and options, please contact John Waller on 0808 280 3581 or email jaw@hbgadvisory.co.uk.

What rights do unsecured creditors have in a CVL?

Unsecured creditors of a limited company in liquidation have the right to form a creditors liquidation committee. Therefore, they will receive regular updates from the appointed liquidator.

What is a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation, and how can it help?

Insolvency for limited companies in the UK offers various formal insolvency procedures to protect or close companies.

Protecting companies by turning around their situation includes administration and CVAs. Those companies require closure using liquidation, as the business is no longer viable (Insolvent). (Liquidations) allows the former directors to start afresh and draw a line for the creditors, allowing a possible payment should the company assets allow.

A CVL process closes a limited company while dealing with creditors who remain unpaid in whatever capacity. The appointed liquidator will ensure the realisation of all the company’s assets to enable maximum payout to the creditors. However, shortfalls often occur, causing the write-off of debts. However, directors who sign personal guarantees are held responsible for payment.

A CVL closes an insolvent limited company. However, a Members’ Voluntary Liquidation (MVL), though voluntary, requires the company to be solvent and is therefore used for purposes other than the inability to pay creditors.

What’s the Job of a Liquidator in a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation (CVL)?

To be appointed liquidator in the United Kingdom. The law requires the person appointed as a liquidator to be a licensed insolvency practitioner regulated by a professional body. Once appointed, the insolvency practitioner has a duty of care to “act in good faith at all times while in office and work to maximise the return for company creditors so that they can receive repayment.”

The liquidator’s primary role is to realise the company’s assets and distribute the proceeds to its creditors.

However, the licensed insolvency practitioner can investigate the behaviour of a company director before his appointment. They can initiate prosecution and refer matters to the Insolvency Service if wrongful trading is proven. All liquidators remain charged with such duties, and if they fail to carry out such issues, they face investigation.

Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation and Impact of Coronavirus Covid-19

The ever-changing impact of the COVID-19 virus pandemic along with ever increasing interest rates has hit industry and trade in the UK. Many, however, face financial ruin or mounting financial distress. While happening, can creditors take action by using the courts to collect money while under lockdown?

UK’s government faces challenging times. They have introduced new rules to mitigate UK businesses’ severe financial crisis. HMGOV hopes the response helps companies continue to trade while implementing restructuring and rescue plans. Therefore, saving jobs and refloating the UK economy.

Please check out ‘Bounce Back Loans and Liquidation‘ for further reading.

New business support measures: Corporate Insolvency and Governance Act 2020

The Corporate Insolvency and Governance Act 2020 (CIGA 2020) received Royal Assent on June 25th 2020. Its measures fall into two sets: permanent steps to update the UK insolvency regime, and temporary measures to insolvency law and corporate governance to help UK businesses during the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.

Most provisions commenced on June 26th 2020, but most temporary business protection measures had a retrospective effect from March 1st 2020.

New rule changes include:

  • Supplies require protection

A prohibition on termination (or “ipso facto”) clauses engaged when a company enters an insolvency procedure, a moratorium, or begins a restructuring plan. The Act prevents suppliers from stopping their supply while a company undergoes a rescue process.

  • Moratorium protection.
  • Introduction of a restructuring plan

Protection from creditor pressure.

Selling the business to a connected party.

Former directors of a failed company remain legally permitted to consider buying back their former business and assets in creditors’ voluntary liquidation. HBG Advisory will provide you with advice and assistance on this process.

Why Choose A Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation (CVL)?

The reasons and causes vary. During the free initial consultation, you must investigate why the company faces closure. It may be extreme pressure from the HMRC for tax arrears, which remain overdue, third-party legal action by trade suppliers, or the business has sustained significant adverse debt, seriously affecting cash flow.

Issues can cause companies to cease trading. When cash dries, the company fails to pay its creditors. Directors must then concede that the company may be insolvent, as it cannot discharge its debts when they fall due or if the business liabilities exceed its assets.

You may then choose a CVL for your company because

  • Your business is insolvent on a balance sheet test;
  • It has tax bills; it may then not repay;
  • The court proceeding may be pending;
    • The company may have received a winding-up petition.
  • HMRC Time to pay arrangements failed or arrears;
  • Unable to afford the time to pay;
  • Build up of debt enforcement notices;
  • Joint VAT and PAYE arrears;
  • HMRC enforcement causes businesses to cease trading;
  • Debts owed by the company exceed assets and available future cash flow;
  • Substantial rent arrears. Landlord threatening re-entry;
  • Build up of County Court judgements;
  • Substantial insurance arrears;
  • Business debt may then be no longer manageable;
  • Council tax arrears;
  • The industry has changed;
  • Not able to afford to pay creditors.

Company directors experiencing financial difficulties

Often, company directors themselves fall into financial difficulties. However, the cause may directly be related to a poor-performing company.

It may have:

  • Absorbed all personal monies of the owner-managed limited company;
  • Court action pending, with not being able to pay your tax bill;
  • May you have used company cash to pay income tax arrears;
  • Debt advice pay means you have entered an individual voluntary arrangement;
  • You may face bankruptcy proceedings, not be able to trade, and your company may be insolvent.

Thinking Of A Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation – Closure Options?

Initial Planning

Insolvency Planning & Review

Company directors should take their time with the liquidation of your limited company. You should consider a pre-liquidation strategy meeting. A pre-liquidation meeting is essential, so that you can understand and agree on the outcome. A professional review creates value.

The report should then be an essential fact find:

  • You should ensure you compile an enquiry pack;
  • Review the company’s last five years of accounts filed;
  • Carry out a simple audit of the charges registered over the assets of the company;
  • Examine previous forecasts prepared on “what if” bases;
  • Review of the company’s customers and its position in its market;
  • Highlight the company’s critical processes adopted and improvements needed;
  • Appraise the director’s retirement strategy;
  • Balance directors’ loan accounts;
  • Ensure all options are available.

The evaluation may, however, highlight a different strategy than a CVL.

If the pre-liquidation planning review letter recommends a CVL and sets up a Phoenix company, then that letter might ask:

  • How to finance the turnaround?;
  • Can you use the company name in the Phoenix company;
  • When to call the section 100 meeting of creditors for a CVL.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of A CVL?

Advantages of the Liquidation of an Insolvent Company

  • A quick process typically;
  • Employees may claim their unpaid wages and redundancy pay faster from the government;
  • Company directors hold more control than a compulsory liquidation;
  • Creditor pressure was immediately removed;
  • Risk of wrongful trading potentially reduced;
  • Opportunity to buy back company assets;
  • You may become a director of a new co;
  • As a long-term director, you may claim redundancy (if on the payroll).


  • Every liquidation requires an investigation into how the directors conducted themselves (SIP 2);
  • Directors give personal guarantees;
  • Advertising the liquidation in the Gazette;
  • Shareholders are unlikely to receive any returns on investment;
  • Employees may claim their unpaid wages and redundancy pay quicker from the government. (Redundancy Payments Office)

Can I Liquidate My Limited Company?

No. However, a licensed insolvency practitioner takes the appointment for an insolvent company closure.

When Is A “CVL” Appropriate?

A CVL is appropriate when a company is proven insolvent. The company can either no longer pay its debts as they fall due or when its liabilities exceed the assets on the balance sheet.

How Long Is The Procedure For A CVL?

Placing a company into a CVL is usually a quick process and can be taken into account within ten working days.

CVL Cost?

How much to liquidate? The process requires the appointed insolvency practitioner to realise the company’s assets. However, this can be lengthy and depends on the type of asset and business, its size, and its spread.

As with everything in life, however. How long is a piece of string?

Therefore, the cost depends on many determinants:-

  • The size of the company;
  • Value of company assets;
  • How many creditors;
  • Scope of the workforce;
  • Number of locations;
  • Hazard issues;
  • Is the limited company solvent or insolvent?

As you can see, many factors affect the cost. The most important, though, is its solvency, as it then affects the type of insolvency and determines the type of voluntary liquidation procedure it must go through.

It may be a:-

  • Members Voluntary Liquidation. – Solvent
  • Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation. – Insolvent

To carry out a basic Member, Voluntary Liquidation can cost from £850 plus vat.

For simple creditors, voluntary liquidations cost £3,000 plus vat.

All types of liquidations remain subject to the points above and do not include extra disbursement costs.

For further reading, view ‘how much to liquidate’.’

Do unsecured creditors have rights in a CVL?

Unsecured creditors have the right to form a creditors liquidation committee, ensuring they receive regular updates from the liquidator.

The powers of the appointed liquidator

Liquidator powers are broad, and directors no longer control the company. Still, they are legally obliged to cooperate with the liquidator, regardless of whether it is in their financial interests. Should the directors have personal guarantees to secure company debts, it is in their interest to assist the liquidator in collecting outstanding monies.

Choice of Liquidator

Should the creditors’ choice of liquidator differ from the shareholders, the creditors’ choice prevails.

CVL and its Impact on Shareholders?

For further reading on how a liquidation of an insolvent company impacts shareholders, please view ‘What happens to shareholders in liquidation’.

Commencing A CVL – How do I liquidate my Limited Company?

Stages of a CVL?

  1. Arrange a board of directors’ meeting or sole director, and discuss and agree on a statement of affairs.
  2. Call a shareholder’s meeting.
  3. The creditors’ meeting.
  4. The company is now in liquidation.
  5. Terminating the Liquidation.

The directors of the company require liquidation. They have a shareholder’s meeting and confirm the company is insolvent and has no plan to move forward. The company then ceases to trade under the instructions of the directors.

Shareholders agree to appoint a licensed insolvency practitioner to arrange a meeting of creditors, giving fourteen days’ notice minimum. So then, allowing formal insolvency procedures to commence. The company then needs to agree to stop the trade of any sort.

Then, the available creditors vote to appoint a liquidator.

The liquidator will change the registered office to his.

Recent changes allow virtual meetings. A formal actual group meeting should go ahead if:

  • Creditors require ten per cent of the company’s creditors to vote for one;
  • Ten creditors each vote for one;
  • The creditors require ten per cent of the amounts of creditors. If any of the above apply, creditors can attend a meeting before the pandemic. During the current pandemic, no physical meetings were allowed.

Do I Need To Attend Any Meetings?

The directors hold a board meeting to consider recommending liquidation to the company’s shareholders.

Then follows an extraordinary general meeting of the shareholders, so members can pass resolutions and place the company into liquidation. Also, at the meeting, they vote to nominate a liquidator.

As of April 6th 2017, it is no longer an automatic requirement of the Insolvency Act 1986 (as amended) to hold a physical meeting of creditors. Depending upon the Liquidation circumstances, the member’s appointed liquidator may be ratified as the creditors’ Liquidator by Deemed Consent order or by holding a virtual meeting.

A physical meeting of creditors occurs if explicitly requested by either creditor, representing ten per cent of the total creditor debt, ten per cent of creditors’ amounts, or by ten creditors in number.

What do we do as directors?

Once the company is “in liquidation”, the directors must fill out a detailed questionnaire for the liquidator. They must provide all the company’s books and records to the liquidator after a creditors’ meeting that a director must attend. Company directors must comply with the liquidator’s request for information; it is a criminal offence not to do so.

Although shareholders liquidate the company, creditors ratify the liquidator by either the Deemed Consent provisions or a statutory Decision Procedure.

Following the Insolvency Rules 2016, the creditors’ confirmation of a liquidator’s appointment can be obtained via the Deemed Consent procedure. In these circumstances, creditors will be furnished with notice of Deemed Consent at least three business days before the Decision Date, and at least one business day before the Decision Date will receive a report which includes the following information:

Will The CVL Be Advertised?

Notices of the Liquidation require advertising in the London Gazette (Insolvency). However, this is the only place the liquidation remains advertised, unless the liquidator believes it is necessary to place additional advertisements.

Is It Possible to Reverse a CVL Process?

In simple terms: YES

THEREFORE, a CVL is a course of action to prevent creditors’ conflict. An example is a winding-up petition.

However, suppose the company can pay off its debts. In that case, it returns to solvency, allowing the halting of the process provided company assets remain unsold. and the company remains registered at companies house.

However, should the company have been struck off? Then, you must reinstate the company through a formal application known as an administrative restoration.

Liquidator’s Duties?

Liquidators have practical and statutory duties to adhere to in the ordinary course of a liquidation. These duties then include:

  • A CVL, once appointed, closes the company immediately, deals with outstanding company debts, and maximises asset realisations so that creditors receive payment. Usually, when a company enters a CVL, there remains a shortfall to creditors, traditionally written off when the company liquidates.

CVLs remain only for insolvent companies. When a company is solvent, however, it requires closure. Then to realise assets and cash, a member’s voluntary liquidation (MVL) is the appropriate option.

As a director (director redundancy), remember you’re entitled to claim redundancy.

Liquidation Committee

Once the liquidator’s appointment remains approved, creditors can appoint a liquidation committee (min. 3, max. five creditors). Unless the proxy states otherwise, any proxy holder at the meeting may represent their company as a committee member without further sanction. The first meeting often follows directly after the creditors’ meeting. The intent is to confirm the meetings and other issues. The duties of the liquidation committee involve:

  • Allowing the continuance of directors’ powers, if required.
  • Agreeing to the appointed liquidator’s fees.
  • Confirming payment of creditors in full.
  • Approving settlements with company creditors.
  • Acknowledging the conduct of the liquidation reports from the liquidator.

Someone can represent another committee member in committee meetings, resign and reimburse reasonable travel costs.

Am I Able To Administer Another Limited Company?

A liquidation enables directors to close the original insolvent company and start a new company. However, this may only be allowed if no disqualification order remains against the directors. Directors must note that one of the prime duties of the liquidator is to examine the previous actions of the directors. If there has been, the directors may face disqualification for 15 years.

If the directors of an insolvent company decide to buy back the company’s assets, the process is a pre-pack liquidation. The company’s assets are sold to a new company with a new name, but can be the same.

A pre-pack liquidation is when you sell the assets before the company liquidates. An independent, suitably qualified RICS valuer values assets to protect creditors (so assets remain not sold undervalued).

Section 216: The Re-use Of A Company Name

Directors of a former liquidated company need to tread carefully over the re use of company name.

Once a company is liquidated and a former director, specific laws govern and restrict your involvement with companies with a similar or identical name. Contravening them is a criminal office, possibly punishable by fines, imprisonment or even both. For further reading, view “The provisions of the Insolvency Act 1986, sections 216 and 217.

Company Creditors repayment?

The Insolvency Practitioner has assets of the company independently valued and then sold, enabling the distribution of the funds to creditors in order of priority.

The liquidator’s fees come first, followed by:

  1. Secured Company Creditors;
  2. Creditors Holding a Fixed Charge;
  3. Creditors with a floating charge;
  4. Preferential Creditors of the company;
  5. Unsecured Creditors;
  6. Shareholders of the company.

Will liquidating my company stop my stress?

Voluntary liquidation allows you to close your limited company promptly and formally. Once the liquidation process is complete, you can become a director of another company, but there are restrictions on the company name’s re-use. You are no longer entitled to trade under an identical or similar name – this could take you to court. It is worth mentioning that if you have been a director for many years and are on the payroll, you can demand dismissal from the government like any other employee. If in doubt, don’t hesitate to contact HBG Advisory.>(CVL) – When Is The Liquidation Completed?

The liquidation completes when all company assets remain realised, all creditors’ debt is agreed upon, and net realisations (after expenses of the liquidation) remain distributed to the former company’s creditors.

To cease the liquidation. The liquidator therefore calls a final meeting of creditors and shareholders, presenting final accounts that detail receipts and payments of the liquidation, with a report regarding the conduct of the liquidation and its conclusion. What happens to the employees?

During the liquidation process, the liquidator instructs valuers to sell the company’s assets, collect all monies due to the company, and lay off the workers’ jobs. If the funds are insufficient to pay employees, they, like the directors, can claim from the National Insurance Fund subject to meeting criteria,

What Happens To A Company After Insolvency?

If your company is in an insolvency procedure, then:

  • All CCJ, statutory demands or petitions to wind up cease;
  • Banks usually freeze accounts pending contact from an insolvency practitioner;
  • Suppliers and customers terminate relationships and seek new business elsewhere;
  • Lenders then call in loans & security;
  • Director’s conduct is then investigated, including wrongful trading.
  • Remember, company directors are entitled to REDUNDANCY CLAIM.

When is the creditor’s voluntary liquidation process deemed complete?

Once the company assets remain sold, all creditors’ claims remain determined, liquidation expenses paid, and creditors’ claims settled wherever possible.

So let’s take the next step.

  • Please call HBG Advisory on 0808 280 3581 and speak to a specialist about Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation. So meet the team at HBG Advisory.
  • We will consider the company position: recent trading, cash flow, assets, liabilities, any pressing creditor action, and employees in clear, understandable English. Jargon-free.
  • We will arrange a meeting to agree on a suitable plan to protect the company and your position.
  • We will find the best way to proceed, considering all matters particular to your situation.
  • You will be under the guidance of Licensed Insolvency Specialists, who act as court officers and qualified, experienced Professionals.
  • If you require generic advice, please sign up for our newsletter. We will send you helpful information and guidance on insolvency and finance options.

Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) – Why Choose HBG Advisory?

  • Over the past twenty-five years, our IPs have taken appointments as liquidators of companies from large to small, owner-managed businesses;
  • We work with stakeholders to therefore enable a return to creditors;
  • We then assist and advise stakeholders in the process to ensure little if. any, problems occur;
  • Our fees can either be fixed as advertised or, in complicated cases, discussed openly;
  • Confidential advice assured.

For a more in-depth guide on fees of a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation view, Guide To Liquidators Fees download on R3.

What information am I entitled to as an unsecured creditor?

Within three months after the end of the first year, each subsequent year, and after the liquidation, the liquidator must convene a meeting of creditors.

Also, sending creditors a:

  • Notice of the meeting;
  • Receipt and payment account;
  • Report explaining their conduct of the liquidation.

Are you a debtor of a company that may go into liquidation?

Can we then help?

      • HBG Advisory will explain what liquidation means;
      • What, then, is the liquidation process?
      • We can attend the creditors’ meeting (if held);
      • Business rescue issues;
      • All aspects of corporate insolvency;
    • What is voluntary liquidation?

With over 30 years of experience helping company directors and business owners, HBG Advisory remains one of the UK’s most in-demand licensed insolvency practitioners. We offer directors, sole traders, and partnerships expert advice on CVLs and business insolvency in terms of the variety of options available, and can help you:

  • Dealing with employees and unpaid wages;
  • Deal with creditors;
  • Liaise with bailiffs, solicitors and court officials;
  • Securely close a company and restart;
  • Provide breathing space to make informed choices;
  • Obtain a valuation of assets of your business;
  • Assist in securing business finance;
  • Protect your family home and personal assets;
  • Consult with HMRC on your behalf.

Click on Meet the team at HBG Advisory.

Contact HBG Advisory on 0808 280 3581 Seven days a week. 8 am through 8 pm.

Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.

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