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Guide To A Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) 

What is a Creditors Voluntary Liquidation? A Creditors Voluntary Liquidation (CVL), allows a limited company to close a company fast. A CVL closes the company in an orderly way while affording protection from creditors.

An advantage of a CVL is the directors decide to choose a Voluntary Insolvency, so they can choose their Liquidator subject to creditors approval, unlike in a Compulsory. The Liquidator appointed. Then administer the companies’ realising assets to enable payment to secured creditors and HMRC, since December 1st, 2020. Remaining proceeds then to unsecured creditors. 

Once commenced, the former directors may form a new limited company, as all debt is left with the old company, including the cancellation of leases.

An insolvent company is insolvent, it is unable to pay its creditors when due, and has run out of cash. A director needs to terminate trading immediately. Then explore options and insolvency advice to protect the business or prompt procedures to shut the company down for a good while distributing the assets. 

If no viable future, then a CVL is straight forward once the process has begun. So if considering a CVL, pleas contact HBG Advisory for support. Contact Us.

 Directors who act fast, once signs of company failure show, means company directors may not need to pay the liquidation fees.

HBG Advisory aim to ensure then a Creditors Voluntary liquidation remains self-funding.

A common misconception is that if a court liquidates a company or liquidates voluntarily, a director will have to pay the fees personally. If actioned early and not allowed dragging on, payment of insolvency fees may be born from the realisation of the company’s assets in liquidation.

Our experienced, professional and impartial advice aims to guide directors on the cheapest, safest way to liquidate a limited company. Our corporate insolvency team remains highly experienced in helping directors of failing companies. With a combined knowledge of over 100 years, HBG Advisory endeavours to advise on the most suitable solution.

Support may simply file correctly, forms for companies house, and paying a £10 fee.


Company Directors pay staff their final wages out of their funds. However, had the director realised, then unpaid wages, salaries and redundancy payments would have been paid by the UK Government. HBG Advisory advises and supports employees requiring assistance. 

Suppose your company is insolvent, i.e. typically unable to pay creditors when due, or it has only run out of cash. In that case, it is a director legal obligation to cease trading and seek advice about options to preserve or close the business.

How Much Does a CVL Cost?

How much to liquidate my company? Fees start at £3,000, which usually is taken directly from the business, not directors. Each situation is different. We always give clarity on fees upfront, and offer a free, confidential meeting by phone, online or a web chat. 

What happens during a Creditor’s Voluntary Liquidation (Voluntary Creditors Liquidation)?

  • The companies meeting of creditors requires holding within 14 days of the shareholders meeting (though typically the same day) Recent changes allow VIRTUAL meetings.
  • The Licensed Insolvency Practitioner engaged by the directors presents the company’s statement of affairs prepared by the directors. The statement details the company’s financial situation. Then the companies creditors can vote whether to engage the company’s IP or vote a different one to be the Liquidator.
  • The companies creditors have the opportunity at the meeting of creditors to ask Directors questions. The most common being why the company failed and the chance of any repayment. Recent changes in how HMRC paid in insolvency, since December 1st, 2020, have impacted heavily on chances of repayment.

Not using the Directors preferred Liquidator?

  • Creditors of the company must vote to appoint a liquidator. Votes equate to the value of the claim. So entitlement to vote requires a form of proxy completing and returning within the required time. The creditor needs to be filed with the IP acting pre-meeting before voting commences, and allow that creditor to vote.
  • If the creditors vote to appoint a different liquidator. A report must then follow within 28 days of the creditors meeting to all known creditors of the company.
  • A liquidation committee is often formed in contentious liquidations. They offer assistance to the appointed Liquidator while checking their appointment, agreeing on additional fees while acting as an informal monitor. 

The insolvency practitioner whom the shareholders nominate as Liquidator will assist the chairman of the meeting, who must be a director. Creditors receive a report of the company’s history, explaining the reasons for the insolvency, and creditors are invited to question the directors.

It remains a common, quick and compelling option to close a business correctly.

Liquidating your company brings closure, allowing you to secure a new career or form a new company, and act as a director. The company remains closed, leases cancelled, and all the staff made redundant.

Why choose a Creditors’ Voluntary Liquidation CVL?

  1. A winding-up petition or statutory demand received from a company creditor. 
  2. Having carried out an Insolvency Test, the company proves insolvent and demonstrates no signs of Viability;
  3. Rent arrears prompt the landlord to send bailiffs to seize assets of the company;
  4. Time to pay agreement failed;
  5. Sustained a significant bad debt;
  6. Substantial change to the companies sector. 

Can Directors be Personally Liable for the Companies Debts?

Directorial conduct is one of the duties of the Liquidator. They review the operations of the company, good and bad. Creditors of the company need protecting at all times. Not to do so, by a company director, will be noted by the Liquidator will not be able to review and possible further action by the Insolvency Services.

A Director conduct report. Compiled by a Liquidator (Every Liquidator required to submit one). Highlight signs of any misfeasance or fraudulent wrongful trading? Therefore, the directors remain exposed to becoming liable for the debts of the company.

The result of the Liquidator’s findings. May lead to a directors ban, for up to 15 years.

Reversing a Creditor Voluntary Liquidation?

Sometimes, companies may receive unexpected money, allowing creditors to be paid and return to solvency. The liquidation may stop, providing the company’s assets have not been realised, so the company may commence trading—the company not struck from the registrar at the company’s house.

Administrative Restoration of a company

However, If the company struck off? Then reinstating the company requires administrative restoration.

S0: A Creditors Voluntary Liquidation and companies no longer Viable?

Suppose the company does not demonstrate any viability in the future? In that case, a director should ask the shareholders’ approval to close the company, while protecting the company’s creditors. Acting fast ensures fees drawn out of the company’s assets, rather than directors’ funds, a common error made by many company directors. Holding on to a failing company while putting creditors at risk will only open you up to criticism, personal liability, and being barred as a future director.

If your company faces a winding-up petition issued, then a ‘Compulsory Liquidation‘ remains a possibility.

Contact HBG Advisory and read Simple Business Debt Guide.

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