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Liquidation And Bounce Back Loans

A Creditors Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) is a quick and powerful way to close a business, dealing with things legally and properly.

Directors can get on with a new business, the doors closed, debts dealt with & leases cancelled.

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Liquidation and Bounce Back Loans?

Liquidation and Bounce Back Loans. Can I liquidate my business if it has a Bounce Back Loan?

Yes you can.

Bounce Back Loans are ranked as ‘unsecured debt’ in corporate insolvency. That is the loan provider in a bounce back loan must wait in line for repayment the liquidator.

If your company though remains solvent, and you wish to liquidate your company using a Members Voluntary Liquidation. Then you’re required to repay the loan in full.

However, closing the company using Creditors Voluntary Liquidation requires your company to be insolvent. Therefore, the company remains unable to either pay its debt as and when due, or liabilities greater than its assets.

Bounce Back Loans and Insolvency

This leads to companies considered solvent, now facing insolvency.

However, important directors consider all options moving forward and discuss cashflow with a Licensed Insolvency Practitioner.

CBILS (Bounce Back) Loan should not deter you from liquidating. Liquidation means an end to all debt of your company. The obligation for the Bounce Back Loan disappears once the liquidation process is complete.

Can a Bounce Back Loan Be Written Off?

Bounce Back loans issued by UK banks remain not a traditional bank loan. 

Borrowers have not provided any form of security. However, the UK Government, via the British Bank, guarantees the loans issued. 

Bounce back loans only apply to companies and not, however, private individuals. 

Therefore, in the event, the business experiences unmanageable financial issues. Then the company enters either a company administration or even a liquidation. Thus, as part of one of those processes, the loan remains then written off.

What Happens if I Used My Companies Bounce Back Loan for Personal Use?

Using a bounce back for reasons other than the company’s ongoing survival may be considered fraudulent when paying off personal debt.
Failing to pay the loan back, may trigger the appointed insolvency practitioner to therefore examine using the money received. If it falls outside the parameters of its permitted usage, therefore opens directors up to being personally liable for its repayment and open to prosecution.

Personal Liability for Bounce Back Loans?

The Bounce Back Loan Scheme was created to help small businesses in the UK who are directly affected by the COVID19 coronavirus pandemic.  However, even with this additional support financially, many companies are beginning to fail, causing distress for many directors.

Directors need to be clearly advised. A Bounce Back Loan does not however stop you considering liquidating your limited company. Subject to you utilising the loan as detailed in the offer. Liquidators will carry on as usual, realising the company’s assets to repay creditors and write debts of should monies be insufficient. As part of liquidators normal duty, the insolvency practitioner carries out a statutory required investigation, into the conduct of the directors up to their appointment. Providing no misfeasance is evident, directors are free to move on, acting again as a director in a new company.

Liquidation and Bounce Back Loans? – Directors duties

So, suppose you find that having taken a bounce back loan, your company now experiences financial difficulties due to the prolonged period of the Coronavirus COVID 19 virus. Then as a responsible director, you should contact a licensed Insolvency Practitioner for advice.

Trading while insolvent can open you up to personal liability. So, it is important to take advice.

What happens to the loan in liquidation?

If you decide to liquidate your company, then the loan is treated as an “Unsecured Creditor”.

Directors of a limited remain protected as long as they have acted responsibly. A limited company offers limited liability.

Am I liable for the bounce back loan in any way?

No.

As you have signed no personal guarantee, you are then not liable, as the government guaranteed the loan.

Alternatives to a Bounce Back Loan?

Whatever circumstances you remain in, if a Bounce Back Loan application declined, and your business requires additional working capital, other options exist for consideration.   

Although the Bounce Back Loan terms are attractive, it may not give you the best chance of survival. For example, invoice finance, which provides quick access to capital, requiring different repayment regimes. It will give you access to a percentage of the company’s unpaid invoices within just 24 hours of them being sent to the customer to ease cash flow issues now and in the future. Unlike a Bounce Back Loan, this sort of funding allows flexibility to use as and when without long term agreements. 

Being unable to claim a Bounce Bank Loan, requires then considering a commercial loan, high street banks and specific lenders.   

Closing down a Limited Company.

To close an insolvent limited company requires a licensed Insolvency Practitioner to be appointed as Liquidator.

For further help, please contact John Waller on 0800 612 5448.

What happens to redundancy pay in a liquidation?

Once the liquidation of your limited company commences, former employees, if unpaid, are considered preferred creditors of the company. Therefore, once the company’s payment of any secured creditors is complete, they will then be paid. 

Employees usually have further claims against the company for:

  • Redundancy Pay;
  • Payment in lieu of notice;
  • Unpaid accrued holiday pay.

Often in insolvent liquidations, the company is unable to pay the above. Nevertheless, the redundancy payment service protects employees, requiring the appointed liquidator and the team to assist in the claims.

For further reading, please view

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